Recently, I have needed to install Python binding for libtorrent (popular opensource C++ library, implementing the BitTorrent protocol).
And everything would be fine if there was an
PyPI package provided for Linux. But it’s not.
In this article I will describe how to install this library from sources but without polluting system scope.
In current situation the only way to use it - is to build it from sources or install as package of your Linux distribution.
Both possibilities has some cons:
- system and current development environment scopes pollution
- install by a package could be few versions outdated in comparison with an upstream
- install from sources sometimes quite hard to rollback properly, as it leaves a lot of artifacts around the different paths
Because I have a lot of projects with different dependencies and I don’t want to overlap them,
the preferable way of such installations for me is an
isolated installation with a help of virtualenv.
Personally I like the virtualenvwrapper tool as it simplifies some typical workflow.
So how to install Python bindings for the C++ library isolated in
Here is step by step guide how to do it
Assume that you have Python, PIP and
virtualenvwrapper installed. Also this guide is written with Ubuntu as a host system.
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$ python --version Python 2.7.6 $ pip --version pip 7.1.2 from /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (python 2.7)
- Create new
virtualenvor activate an existent one:
$ mkvirtualenv libtorrent
- Install required dependencies required for building the
libtorrentfrom sources as
.debpackages. It could be removed after.
$ sudo apt-get build-dep python-libtorrent
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$ wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/libtorrent/libtorrent/libtorrent-rasterbar-1.0.5.tar.gz $ tar -zxvf libtorrent-rasterbar-1.0.5.tar.gz $ cd libtorrent-rasterbar-1.0.5/
- Build the library from the sources.
Here is the small trick by the way: we need to provide additional options for default
configure command - actual Python executable from the
virtualenv and local path to install it, to make it installed locally not system-wide.
Of course you can pass additional configuration options if needed, for
geoip for example.
This commands could take a while if you have not very powerful machine.
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$ ./configure --enable-python-binding PYTHON=`which python` --prefix=$VIRTUAL_ENV $ make $ make install
- Let library know where it should be loaded:
If you plan to play with it for a while it could be a good idea to add an export
- And finally let’s check it!
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$ python >>> import libtorrent >>> libtorrent.version '184.108.40.206'
As there is no import errors we assume that everything is working fine :)
Hope that post was useful!